Mustafa Barzani was the primary political and military leader of the Kurdish revolution for half of the twentieth century, and he was president of the KDP.
A breif history about Mustafa Barzani:
- Mustafa Barzani was born in the village of Barzani on 14th March 1903.
- In 1906, at the age of three, after uprising against the Ottoman Empire, he was detained with his mother in Mosul Prison.
- In 1919,At the age of 16, he took part in Sheikh Mahmoud's uprising commanding a 300 man force.
- In 1925, he visited Sheikh Said Piran (in northern Kurdistan) as a representative of his elder brother, Sheikh Ahmad Barzani.
- In 1932, he commanded Barzan forces resisting the Iraqi Government campaign, supported by British forces against the Kurds.
- He was banished to various towns between 1932 and 1943, he managed to escape, with the help of Hiwa Party and other Kurds, and returned to Barzan.
- In 1945, he led the Barzan uprising against Iraqi regime, which was directly helped by the British Royal Air Forces. In the same year, he and his forces went to Mahabad and participated in the consolidation of the Mahabad Republic. He was appointed Commander of the Republic's Army and given the rank of General by the former Soviet Union.
- In 1946 he and other Kurds founded the KDP and was elected its President. He was President of the Party from that time until his death.
- Fought the forces of defunct Shah, Shah has the help of Britain and the USA, and after the collapse of Mahabad Republic, Barzani and 500 of the Peshmergas fought the armies of Iran, Iraq and Turkey and reached the former Soviet Union, where they became refugees until 1958.
- He and his Peshmergas returned to Iraq on 6th October 1958, i.e. After the 14th July revolution. He welcomed by Kurdish and Iraqi popular masses, as well as officially, as a national hero.
- In 1961, he led the September Revolution from 11th September 1961 until the collapse in March 1975.
- During the 8th February 1963 Black Coup by the Bath Party, Barzani welcomed all Iraqi, Kurdish , Arab and other minorities patriots to the liberated Areas.
- In 1970, the Kurdish national movement, under Barzani's leadership, signed the 11th March 1970 agreement with Iraqi government, stipulating autonomy for Kurdish within Iraq, which the government subsequently reneged.
- In 1975, after the collapse of September Revolution March 1975, Mustafa Barzani lived in Iran for a time under many restrictions. Because of failing health and his distrust of the Shah, he went to USA to receive treatment for his lung cancer and remained there until his death.
- In 1979, he had decided to return to Kurdistan via Iran, unfortunately, he died in the late hours of Thursday, the 1st of March 1979 at George Town Hospital, Washington DC, his body was flown to Iran and subsequently buried at Shuno (Ashnoviya) in East Kurdistan, hundreds of thousands of Kurds and others mourned him in his funeral.
- In 1994, his body is moved, brought across the border from Iran to Kurdistan and reburied in Barzan where he was born.
His memory will remain alive in the hearts of millions of Kurds who support the aims he struggled for all his life. He remains the inspiration and ideal for today's Kurdish youth who are fired by the spirit, tenacity and resilience of the legend that never wavered in his commitment to the Kurdish struggle for Peace, Freedom and Democracy, and he will remain a towering figure in the history of Kurdish people.